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Vine's Epistle to the Romans, published in 1957 by Zondervon was really helpful as was the Introductory Lectures, Volume 2-Paul's Epistles by William Kelly--Lectures delivered in 1869 and reprinted by Believer's Bookshelf in 1970; Synopsis We still indulge in quarreling and jealousy. In this regard, it is important to keep our section (Romans 13:11-14) connected to what comes directly before and directly after. The necessity of immediate conversion to God proved from the shortness and uncertainty of time, Romans 13:11, Romans 13:12. We “put on” Christ, playing the role given us in baptism and sharing his destiny, just as in the incarnation Christ took on the role of the human race and played it to the end. These pairs of opposites can easily be coined in terms of “us” versus “them,” encouraging one to find one’s proper place on the side of light, day, and virtue. If the Christian is not to seek personal vengeance, it does not take away the government’s authority to punish wrongdoers. Without these practical implications, the story that Paul has told in the previous chapters would have no true impact on the Christ-believers in Rome. Is it the sun coming through your window? The ethical injunctions are introduced in chapter 12 with two verses presenting the guiding perspective for the entire ethical section. It is particularly obvious in chapters 9-11, but it is present also in Paul’s summary of his gospel in 1:16: “For I am not ashamed of the gospel; it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who has faith, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.”. In that manner, it is impossible to simply understand the section as an invitation to focus on one’s personal salvation to the neglect of those around us or to construct the world in terms of “us” versus “them.”. To be baptized into Christ is to be clothed with this mighty power, and to be summoned to battle with all that deflects us from the mutual love enjoined in the larger context of Romans 13:8-15:6, including all that divides the community and sets Christians against one another. So indeed, for those who have put on Christ, Christ’s destiny becomes our own: “This perishable nature must put on the imperishable, and this mortal nature must put on immortality. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 13:8-14 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12-15. Hoc enim, quum noverimus tempus, quia hora est qua jam e somno expergiscamur (nunc enim propior est salus nostra quam quum credi-dimus,) For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Is it cars going by on the street? This powerful metaphor expresses the change of self understanding experienced by the Christ-believers and the consequences of this change. Salvation needs to be realized socially. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. The Day of Salvation is Near. It confronts a variety of issues. Introduction 1:1-17. Romans 13:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 13:11, NIV: "And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed." Romans 13:11-14. … . Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may discern what is the will of God — what is good and acceptable and perfect.”. 25 of Luther’s Works (H. C. Oswald ed., Saint Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1972), 481. Becomingly, respectably, in a becoming manner, decently, with propriety. Be honest! Romans 13:11-14. The Gospel readings for the four Sundays in Advent, Year A, follow the pattern for all three years (A, B, and C). By Lois Parker Edstrom. Signs of Israel B. [The Lord] put on righteousness like a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and wrapped himself in fury as in a mantle (Isaiah 59:9, 17). The psalm begins with an iconic, inspirational “poster verse” that in our day will likely be heard as referring to the Sunday morning worship high experienced by those who are feeling especially close to God, their communities, or both. Christians should love one another, Romans 13:8-10. It’s as if we are awakened suddenly from a dream of nighttime revelry, and discover that we are in a military encampment during the hours just before dawn. When the perishable puts on the imperishable, and the mortal puts on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written: ‘Death is swallowed up in victory'” (1 Corinthians 15:53). In parallel passages (Ephesians 6:10-20; Romans 8:38-39) Paul names the enemy as “not flesh and blood,” but “principalities, powers, the world rules of this present darkness, the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.” How can we make sense of this language in our pulpits today? It is often the petty manifestations of these powers that erode our fellowship and our witness. Romans 13:11-14 New International Version - UK (NIVUK) The day is near. The order of the commands is different in the Septuagint reading of Exodus 20:13-17. But this newly gained freedom does not allow us to place ourselves above others. Indeed, the death and resurrection of Christ has drastically changed the context of our world. a. The character of a lawful civil governor, Romans 13:4. Knowing the time. Glosses and Scholia vol. If salvation is understood in terms of God creating a people for God, then the implications of salvation become community-oriented and are concerned with the ways in which different nations can live together and give glory to God in their life together (Romans 15:5-6). When we wake up, we get dressed. Dr. Richard L. Strauss September 1, 1991 . Darkness once ruled our lives, but now the light of Jesus. The image tells us that we’re in the middle of conflict; instead of fighting each other, we need to unite against a common enemy. Rather, it is a call to remember that Christians need to live their lives in the world, but not according to the standards of the world. This week we look at Romans 13:11-14 in “What Time Is It?” A Time To Wake Up (v.11) A Time For A New Wardrobe (v.12) A Time To Walk Straight (v.13) A Time To Wear Jesus (v.14) The night is far spent, the day is at hand. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 View Bible Text In this passage, Paul puts into place a series of contrasts that are easily remembered and well-known in biblical literature: night versus day, darkness versus light, honor and virtue versus debauchery and licentiousness. S. J. Hafeman (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 1994), 198-208; J. brings our salvation to life. Therefore let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. Knowing the time - Taking a proper “estimate” of the time. This “wake up call” comes in the midst of teaching about mutual love and acceptance in the fellowship of faith (13:8-10; 14:1-15:6); Paul interrupts himself to remind his hearers of their common hope in the clear and revealing light of God’s coming day of salvation (vv. In the wonderfully countercultural season of Advent, he gives us a way to name the present situation: it is still dark, still night. Paul tells us what to wear: “let us put on the armor of light” (v.12); and “put on the Lord Jesus Christ (v. 14). However, the passage deserves to be unpacked carefully, lest we simply appropriate it as comforting us in a conviction that Christians can adopt an attitude of superiority towards the world. Romans 13:11 A. This is a frequent theme in the New Testament. Greeting 1:1-7. v1 From Paul. Therefore let us cast off the works of … and the dawn of a new day has arrived! Similarly, what comes directly after (Romans 14:1) exhorts Paul’s addressees to welcome those they might be tempted to judge because of their weakness of faith. At stake is not simply our own health and happiness, but our witness to God’s righteousness in the midst of a hostile world. That is what I believe he is talking about in Ro 13:11-14. Cast Off Evil. The Day of Salvation is Near. Signs of the Rapture A. W.E. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 - Working Preacher from Luther Seminary First Sunday of Advent In this brief but extremely rich passage, Paul tells us that as Christians we are all “morning people.” The time is just before dawn, the sky is brightening, the alarm is ringing, day is at hand. This hope is the motivator for the new ways of relating to one another that Paul wants the Jewish and Gentile Roman Christians to adopt. Paul writes: “I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. Second, the parallel for clothing ourselves in the armor of light is, “put on the Lord Jesus Christ.” Here, the imagery of donning clothing points backwards to the moment of baptism and our hearers’ first profession of faith, recalling Galatians 3:27: “For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.” This language of “putting on” a person could be used in ancient times to refer to playing the role of a character in a play, “getting into” the role so intensely that we live and breath it day and night, losing and finding our identity in that of the character. Romans 13:11-14 Let Us May 27, '12 I. However, he completes these rather standard ethical injunctions with a perspective immediately related to his conviction that the Christ-believers’ master is God. Is it noises in the house? Monday, November 25 2019 / Published in 2nd Reading, Advent, Romans. David Johnston. II. In this brief but extremely rich passage, Paul tells us that as Christians we are all “morning people.” The time is just before dawn, the sky is brightening, the alarm is ringing, day is at hand. We are given “night vision” both to name the ways we and our world are still in darkness, and to see the sure hope of God’s salvation. Don't be conformed to … The parallel between putting on the armor of light and putting on the Lord Jesus Christ tells us both that to live out our baptism is inevitably to be in conflict with the status quo, and that Jesus Christ is our sure defense. That might be a history of mistrust and injustice, addictions, thirst for revenge, prejudice and fear, greed, and so forth. For kids who live on … For Paul, Christ’s death and resurrection have inaugurated the new aeon, in which the old powers (death and sin), even though they have not disappeared, no longer rule over the Christ-believers. . And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. The text occurs twice in the Bible-with minor variations-here in Isaiah and again in Micah 4:1-3. When we engage in battle against such destructive powers, we fight for the unity of the church. I don't think I've ever been a lazy person, but once in awhile I find it difficult to wake up and get going in the morning. In Ancient Rome, these standards were traditionally associated with debauchery and licentiousness, and so Paul is comfortable using these conventional measures of life in order to criticize them. That is why Romans 6:6 calls it a body of sin. Paul’s language comes from Isaiah’s description of Israel’s terrible darkness and God’s mighty intervention: We wait for light, and lo! Paul’s use of the world “salvation” (SOTARIA) is a little odd here. 11 And do this, understanding the present time: the hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. The Day Is Near. Romans 13:11-14 exhorts us to live in the present in light of the future return of Jesus Christ. This language echoes other formulations in Romans (6:3-5 and 8:17) and might have been connected to the ritual of baptism. In the new aeon, the Christ-believers’ master is God. The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. These relationships are at the center of everything that Paul puts into place in his letter to the Romans, but they are articulated most concretely in chapters 12-15. 11. The First Readings for Advent, Year A, provide particularly rich visual gifts. Now, that expectancy for what is coming, the reality, spiritual reality is more real than anything else in which we live. 24:42-44), “Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming. We are no longer in the hand of the powers of this world. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. 12 The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. Put On Christ. In Romans, Paul presents a narrative that recalls how his addressees became a community of Christ-believers. What wakes you up in the morning? Our passage should be understood as directly and closely connected to the entire exhortative section of the letter. Romans 13:11-14 Wake Up. And that - The word "that," in this place, is connected in signification with the word ""this" in Romans 13:9.The meaning may be thus expressed: All the requirements of the Law toward our neighbor may be met by two things: one is Romans 13:9-10 by love; the other is Romans 13:11-14 by remembering that we are near to eternity; keeping a deep sense of "this" truth before the mind. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armour of light. To preach on this text stands us in good stead: Isaiah preached on it, too! It is time to rouse our minds from slumber, to be alert to what God is doing in the world, and to live in accordance with God’s coming salvation. Romans chapter 14 is a complex segment of scripture that frequently is both misunderstood and abused. Concretely for the life of the community, it indicates that one no longer lives by the standards of the world, whatever they are. First, our enemies are “not flesh and blood.” As Christians, we are never to consider other people as our enemies, no matter how bitter the divisions in the church may be, nor how painful our experiences. Subject to the governing authorities: The connection between Romans 12 and Romans 13is clear. Or so it seems. In that framework, our passage is less about one’s personal, individual behavior and salvation (even though, of course, personal salvation is an aspect of one’s life in a community) and more about the relationships that various Christ-believers have with each other. For me, both as preacher and as worshiper in the pew, the church year and the gospel readings always seem somehow out of synch with other life rhythms. Opening Prayer (inspired by Romans 13: 11-14) You, O God, illumine our world with the light of a new day, (Rom 13:11-14) The urgency to love and walk right with God. What are your first thoughts as you anticipate the first Sunday of Advent? b. At the end of Romans 13, Paul reminds Christians of the debt of love they owe and warns them to wake up and put off the deeds of darkness because the return of Christ is nearing. THE CONTEXT Earlier, Paul admonished, "Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. Signs of Noah and Lot - Wickedness Luke 17:26-29 III. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, “that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. Commentary; 2nd Reading; Romans 13:11-14 . In Romans 13:11, manuscripts vary in reading either “you” or “we” in relation to being awake from sleep. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. Salvation needs to be actualized in the everyday behavior of the Christ-believers, a behavior that must reflect the standards of God and not those of the world. We are summoned to battle, not with other people, but with the forces of destruction that enslave and divide humanity through hatred and fear. Romans 13:11-14 "And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand. Paul intends to give us “night vision” to see and name this division as “darkness” (see also the parallel passages in 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11 and Ephesians 6:10-20). This passage comes in the latter sections of Romans that primary contains various practices of the Christian life. Wake up. In chapters 1:18-8:39, he reminds his addressees of the manner in which God, through Christ, intervened in the world for them and reconciled them to God, in order to create a people of God composed of Jews first, but also of nations. The text arises out of a transitional era in religious history, when many converts to Christ were passing from one great divine system … 11. Romans 13:11-14 New King James Version (NKJV) Put on Christ. (inspired by Romans 13: 11-14) Awake from your sleep for night is gone. Jesus warned (Matt. . Is it a call from your mom or dad? Romans 13:11-14 - NIV: And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. (Romans 13:9) The quoted words in verse 9 are the same as in the extant Septuagint text of Deuteronomy 5:17-21. Commentary on Romans — John Calvin . Paul uses the same description of God as Israel’s warrior to describe Jesus Christ, who intervenes on behalf of all humanity. When Paul discusses sôteria (salvation) in Romans, he refers to the manner in which God has revealed God’s people as composed of Jews and Gentiles. Pastor John Miller continues our study through the Book of Romans with an expository message through Romans 13:11-14 titled, “Understanding The Times”. The propriety of paying lawful tribute, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7. Amidst the bitter divisions eroding our churches today, both local and global, Paul’s words bring needed perspective. Paul calls these “the works of darkness,” identified with the “the desires of the flesh” (see Gal 5:19-21 for “the works of the flesh”). These relationships are connected to the social setting of the community (13:13-14), and they are understood in terms of the new aeon that started with the death and resurrection of Christ (13:11). The Gift of the Magi: Wisdom-- Isaiah 2:1-5, Romans 13:11-14, Matthew 24:36-44, Psalm 122-- Mary Austin, Dean Feldmeyer, Christopher Keating, Ron Love, Thomas Willadsen, George Reed-- Second Sunday after Christmas - A-- 2020 III. Thus, we are quick to assume, with Luther for example, that Paul draws a contrast between the debauchery of Rome, ruled by heathens, and the virtue of Christians.1 Certainly, Paul did not shrink from criticizing pagan behavior and expected more restraint from his fellow Christ-believers. 12-13). (Romans 13:11-14) The passage breaks down into a simple three part outline: I. 11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. Every soul: This c… We might be tempted to think that we know exactly what Paul is discussing in this passage. (Romans 13:11-14) Properly ( 2156 ) ( euschemonos from eu = good + schema = appearance) is an adjective which means pertaining to being proper in behavior. Sermon Notes for Romans 14:10-13 Next Section ... Bible Commentaries Text Commentaries Audio & Video Commentaries Bible Reference Harmony of the Gospels Encyclopedias / Dictionaries Introductions to the Bible Topical Indexes Charts and Outlines Timelines Maps / Images Hebrew / Greek Grammars. In chapter 13, this conformity to God’s standards is reflected in the call to “put on the Lord Jesus Christ” (Romans 13:14). BLOG. iii Romans, Verse by Verse, published by Baker Publishing, is the foundation of study for the analysis of the doctrinal commentary. Be in the world, but not of the world. Rather, we are to fight against the destructive powers that enslave and divide people. Family Bible Study Chair of Theatre, Samford University; Southwestern Seminary graduate Sexual Purity Matters Genesis 2:18–25; Proverbs 5:1–23; Romans 13:11–14 In the series of lessons for January concerning some things that matter, I have tried to emphasize that the overarching thing that matters is relationships. There is darkness; And for brightness, but we walk in gloom. What comes directly before (Romans 13:10) reminds us that this short passage is connected to an ethic of love, completely directed towards one’s neighbor. Romans 13:11 II. We live out our hope by welcoming and embracing one another as Christ has embraced all of us (Romans 14:1; 15:7). Romans 13:11-14. Romans 12:1-2 exhorted us to live in the present in light of God’s past mercies to us. In this passage, Paul puts into place a series of contrasts that are easily remembered and well-known in biblical literature: night versus day, darkness versus light, honor and virtue versus debauchery and licentiousness. The camp is astir, preparing for imminent battle; sniffing the wind, scanning the horizon, the soldiers put on their armor and don their weapons. 11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. The community in Rome reflects this diversity and is a result of God’s action in the world through Christ.  (Kim 2008: 37), who points to P. Stuhlmacher, Paul’s Letter to the Romans: A Commentary , trans. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. Why the military image of armor? We continue in our verse by verse teaching through the book of Romans on Sunday mornings with Pastor Gino Geraci at Calvary South Denver in Littleton CO. Purpose: To challenge us to be spiritually awake and alert, and to live a godly life in the midst of this ungodly world system. In chapter 13, Paul’s conviction that the Christ-believers now have the possibility to behave in ways that will express an attitude of “sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God” is tied to being aware of the time in which his addressees live. The commentaries and resources consulted in this study provided A.D. 57 as a consensus view of the date of composition of Paul’s epistle to the Romans. Romans 13:11-14. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 (Read Romans 13:11-14) Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. 12 The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. The necessity of subjection, Romans 13:5. Picture of a rooster. Maître de Conférence (Assistant Professor), A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. That spiritual expectancy and reality ought to motivate us to live like we live. In conclusion, this extraordinary text tells us what it means to be “morning people” in the darkness before the dawn: Assistant Professor of the practice of the Bible and Christian Formation, A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. 1 Martin Luther, Lectures on Romans.
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